It was believed that iodine was the master mineral for the thyroid. But within the last several years it has become apparent, through research and anecdotal evidence, that there are multiple minerals involved with thyroid hormone production.
9 Minerals for Thyroid Structure and Function
The thyroid needs, craves, desires, can’t-do-without at least nine minerals to support the proper structure and function of the thyroid. Do not leave home without these nine minerals if you want your thyroid to be Happy!
T3 has 3 iodine molecules; T4 has 4. So it’s safe to say that the thyroid can’t function without iodine. T4 or (thyroxine) is 68 percent iodine by weight, and T3 (triiodothyronine) is 58 percent.
A necessary cofactor in the production of thyroxine (T4), It also converts T4 to the more active form, T3. A total of 11 selenium-dependent enzymes have been identified as necessary for thyroid function and thyroid hormone production. If you take iodine, especially the high amounts of iodine that some doctors are recommending, without selenium, you can cause selenium deficiency and all the selenium deficiency side effects that are not that well known. If you take selenium without iodine, you can cause iodine deficiency.
Required for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Zinc deficiency, plain and simple, can result in hypothyroidism. Conversely, thyroid hormones are essential for the absorption of zinc. And here’s a scary fact – the hair loss attributed to hypothyroidism may not improve with thyroid hormone replacement unless zinc supplements are added.
Molybdenum-dependent enzymes function in the oxidative system of thyrocytes (thyroid epithelial cells). They also play an important role in T3 (triiodothyronine) release from the thyroid gland. Here’s another interesting fact. Mo helps to break down yeast toxins and yeast gets a leg up when your temperature is low due to hypothyroidism.
Helps the conversion of the storage form of thyroid hormone, T4, to T3, the active form.
Plays an important role in the metabolism of the amino acid tyrosine, which is a precursor to T4 (thyroxine).
Enhances insulin activity playing a major role in the regulation of insulin release and its effects on carbohydrate, protein and lipid metabolism. Conversion of T4 to T3 is influenced by insulin, so in a roundabout way, chromium helps this conversion.
Required to transport the hormone thyroxine into our cells.
Calcium and magnesium must be balanced in the body to ensure proper thyroid function. If there is too much calcium, thyroid hormones can become diminished. Magnesium is the regulator of calcium absorption and utilization.
Dr. Carolyn Dean